Beato Angelico Museum of Sacred Art

MUGELLO

The creation of the Museum goes back to 1967, the period when the Superintendency was pushed, for reasons of security and preservation, to safeguard the important works of art that were at risk of being stolen or scattered.

The current district museum was inaugurated in 2000, its collection of artworks enriched with subjects closely tied to the Mugello. The works of art therefore were/have been arranged according to their provenance in this thematic tour that unfolds on the ground floor of the building.

The first room briefly shows, with a variety of objects, the various themes of the exhibition tour. Valuable processional crosses from the churches of/ in Olmi and Vicchio, set beside a simple rogation (or processional) cross, indicate the various aspects of devotion and at the same time the wealth of the Mugello’s liturgical heritage, a heritage, a patrimony that, for a long time, has been somehow considered “minor” but which, in reality, includes objects of extraordinary elegance and workmanship.

A reproduction of an ex voto offering set next to the famous work of the Madonna with Child and Two Angels by the elegant Master of the Straus Madonna sums up the aspects of two different figurative and devotional cultures.

While two sculptures – the fragment with the pensive and delicate face of Saint John the Baptist from a dismembered Della Robbia altarpiece and a terracotta with a Madonna with Child of private provenance and perhaps originally set in a tabernacle – are two different examples of the variety and extent of the district’s artistic heritage and, at the same time, of its dispersion.

There have been many events (suppressions, wars, earthquakes, robberies and transfers) that, especially in the last two centuries, have led to these works being moved, lost, or placed in museums. In other words, a series of events have uprooted these works of art and devotion from their original places of origin, thus leading to a loss of identity of the work itself and to a gap in the original local historical context.

Arranged thematically, the Beato Angelico Museum of Sacred Art and Popular Religious Practices in Vicchio aims at reconnecting famous works of art as well as simple devotional objects to their ancient cultural milieu so that one may not only appreciate the objects aesthetically but also perceive the multiplicity of social and historical aspects in which the objects were created and then passed down

Short Bibliography

Museo di arte sacra e religiosità popolare Beato Angelico. Simari M.M., Del Gobbo G., Roma, Editore: Comunità Montana del Mugello, 2006.

Vicchio, Museo Beato Angelico 1986-1990. AA.VV., Firenze, Editore: Università Internazionale dell’Arte, 1990.

Museo “Beato Angelico”. Chiarelli L., Nicosia F., Santoni A., Firenze, Editore: Comune di Vicchio, 1979.

assunta

Our Lady of the Assumption

Date: beginning of the 16th century
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 201 cm. x160.3 cm.
Artist: Cosimo Rosselli (Florence 1439-1507)
Provenance: Barberino di Mugello, Abbey of Santa Maria a Vigesimo

The sides of the panel were cut off when it was adapted over the course of the centuries. The Virgin is surrounded by angels who support the mandorla encircling her, a symbol of celestial glory. Below, Saint John Gualbert appears on the left, with Saint Benedict on the right as he introduces the praying donor. An elegant sarcophagus overflowing with lilies and roses, symbols of the Madonna’s purity, is found in the center.

vergine-santommaso

The Virgin Giving her Girdle to Saint Thomas 

Date: early decades of the 15th century
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 126 cm. x 130 cm.
Artist: Master of Montefoscoli (active in the first half of the 15th century)
Provenance: Borgo San Lorenzo, Santa Maria a Montefloscoli

The heterogeneous characteristics of this painting give it a particular fascination: stylized, late Gothic elements are mixed with Spanish and Portuguese stylistic influences and vague neo-Renaissance allusions.

madonna-bambino-angeli

Madonna with Child, Two Angels and the Holy Spirit

Date: second half of the 15th century
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 72 cm. x 56 cm.
Artist: Master of the Argonauts (active in Florence in the second half of the 15th century)
Provenance: Fagna, Parish Church of Santa Maria

The small painting, from the Parish Church of Fagna, near Scarperia, shows some traits referable to Filippo Lippi’s painting. It can be dated between the 1460s and 1470s when the Machiavelli family were the patrons of this parish church.

madonna-bambino-santigiovannieelisabetta

Madonna with Child, Saint John as a Child and Saint Elizabeth

Date: 1610-1620 ca.
Technique and Materials: oil on canvas
Workshop of: Jacopo Chimenti, known as L’Empoli
Size: 117.5 cm. x 92.5 cm.
Provenance: Faltona, Parish Church of Santa Felicita

The composition is developed through an intertwining of gazes and poses that connect the four figures in a silent and affectionate exchange of looks. The Virgin and Saint Elizabeth are watching over the two children who seem to be vying for the small, simple cross made of woven reeds, which symbolically joins them in their destiny as martyrs.

sangiovanni-terracotta

Saint John the Baptist

Date: first decade of the 16th century
Technique and Materials: glazed terracotta
Size: 46 cm. x 40 cm.
Artist: Andrea della Robbia (1435-1525)
Provenance: Borgo San Lorenzo, Oratory of the Santissimo Crocifisso

John the Baptist is wearing the characteristic goat skin tunic. The diagonal cut on the right side indicates that the fragment must have been part of a more complex whole, such as a glazed terracotta altarpiece, a type of object in which the Della Robbia workshop specialized.

santafelicita

Saint Felicity with Her Seven Children

Date: mid-15th century
Technique and Materials: stained glass window
Workshop of: circle of Andrea del Castagno
Size: 122 cm. x 64 cm.
Provenance: Faltona, Parish Church of Santa Felicita

Originally placed in a window in the apsidal area of the Parish Church of Santa Felicita in Faltona this small masterpiece of glass art from the mid-15th century, has been recently assigned to Andrea del Castagno’s circle because of its refinement and quality.

croce

Processional Cross

Date: end of the 14th century
Technique and Materials: engraved and gilded copper
Production: Tuscan production
Size: 43 cm. x 26.5 cm.; cross: 30.5 cm. (height)
Provenance: Vicchio, Parish Church of San Giovanni Battista

A gilded copper cross that shows Christ on the front with four medallions at the ends depicting a Pelican (a symbol of Christ’s sacrifice), the Virgin, Saint John, and Golgotha with Adam’s skull. On the back are the zoomorphic symbols of the Evangelists, while in the centre is Saint John the Baptist, the titular saint of the Vicchio parish church from where the cross came.

madonna-bambino-santipietroepaolo

Madonna and Child with Saints Peter and Paul

Date: mid-15th century
Technique and Materials: detached fresco
Size: 198 cm. x 175.5 cm.
Artist: Master of Signa (documented 1433 – 1462)
Provenance: Vicchio, Tabernacle of Rupecanina

Unfortunately the fresco, the only part of the tabernacle that has come down to us, has large areas missing that nevertheless do not prevent our recognizing the Madonna of the Milk between two adoring angels and Saints Peter and Paul. On the side walls, sources mention the figures of Saint Jerome and Saint Michael, the titular saint of the church near the tabernacle.

madonna-bambino-angeli_2

Madonna with Child and Angels

Date: 1405-1410 ca.
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 118 cm. x 61 cm.
Artist: Master of the Straus Madonna (active 1385-1415)
Provenance: Borgo San Lorenzo, Parish Church of San Cresci in Valcava

It is the central part of a polyptych, first dismembered and then lost, with the figures of Saint Cresci, Saint Lawrence and other saints unspecified by archival documents. The figures are thin and elongated, the tones and colours are so delicate as to define this painting “all milk and roses”.

madonna-latte

Madonna of the Milk

Date: second half of the 15th century
Technique and Materials: polychrome terracotta
Production: Tuscan production
Size: 66 cm. x 40 cm.
Provenance: Vicchio, Casa Lapucci

This terracotta piece comes from a tabernacle set on the façade of Casa Lapucci in Vicchio. Traces of the original polychrome can be seen on the Virgin’s mantle. The iconography adopted here is that of the Galaktotrophousa Madonna, who is depicted as she tenderly suckles Baby Jesus.

sansebastiano

Saint Sebastian

Date: ca. 1580-1588
Technique and Materials: oil on a wooden panel
Workshop of: Alessandro Allori
Size: 171.5 cm. x 133.5 cm.
Provenance: Vicchio, Priory of Santa Maria in Olmi

Stolen from the Church of Santa Maria in Olmi and later recovered, the painting is a traditional representation of the martyred saint whose heroic and athletic figure rises against a background enlivened by archeological monuments inspired by ancient Rome.

tabernacolo

Tabernacle depicting the Madonna with Child, God the Father and Saints

Date: second half of the 15th century
Technique and Materials: detached fresco
Production: Florentine school
Size: 221 cm. x 160 cm. x 120 cm.
Provenance: Campestri, Vicchio di Mugello

The detached frescoes of this small cycle come from a chapel-shaped tabernacle standing at a crossroads. The Madonna and Child Enthroned is in the middle, in the small vault there is God the Benedictory Father and, on the side walls, two pairs of saints: Saint James and Saint Anthony on the right and a Bishop Saint and an unidentified young saint on the left.

fonte

Baptismal font

Date: ca.1505
Technique and Materials: glazed terracotta
Size: 120 cm. x 85 cm.
Artist: Benedetto Buglioni (Florence 1461-1521)
Provenance: Barberino di Mugello, Church of Sant’Andrea a Camoggiano

The font has a hexagonal structure with six panels, separated by angular pillars, depicting scenes from the life of Saint John the Baptist. The surface is entirely glazed with the addition of gilding and touches of cobalt and manganese.

madonna-bambino-trono

Madonna with Child Enthroned and Saints

Date: 1480 and 17th century
Technique and Materials: tempera and oil on a wooden panel
Size: 167.5 cm. x 191.5 cm.
Artist: Neri di Bicci (Florence 1419-1492) and a 17th century painter
Provenance: Barberino di Mugello, Parish Church of Santa Reparata a Pimonte

The refined panel, known as the “Pimonte altarpiece”, depicts around the well-defined architectural structure of the Madonna’s throne, Saint Reparata and Saint John the Baptist, the protectors of the city of Florence. To the left is Saint Bartholomew (perhaps the client’s patron saint) and Saint Anthony the Abbot, a venerated figure in the Mugello countryside. At the foot of the throne are the figures of Saint Dominic and Saint Catherine of Siena that are inconsistent from both stylistic and iconographic points of view, and were probably added later on.

madonna-bambino-santigiovanniesebastiano

Madonna with Child and Saints John the Baptist and Sebastian

Date: early decades of the 16th century
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 153 cm. x 145 cm.
Artist: Master of the Schleissheim Madonna (active early decades of the 16th century)
Provenance: Senni, Church of San Giovanni Battista

The composition is articulated and traditional even if the pictorial rendering shows high quality and originality. The definition of the throne and the figures is sharp, the figures have strongly characterized faces, and the details are analytically defined

sangiovanni

Saints John the Baptist 

Date: second quarter of the 14th century
Technique and Materials: tempera on a wooden panel
Size: 62.5 cm. x 37 cm.
Artist: Bernardo Daddi (Florence ca. 1290– ca. 1348)
Provenance: Panicaglia, Parish Church of San Giovanni Maggiore

The only remaining part of a lost polyptych, it was probably the main side panel as it portrays the church’s titular saint. The high quality of this painting is evident in the austere yet reassuring figure’s solid layout and in the suffused delicacy of the painting.

santi

Saint Andrew; Saint Lawrence with an Angel; Flying Angel

Date: dated 1721
Technique and Materials: oil on canvas
Production: Florentine school
Workshop of: Anton Domenico Gabbiani
Size: 70.5 cm. x 52 cm.; 122.5 cm. x 103 cm.; 37 cm. x 57 cm.
Provenance: Church of Sant’Andrea in Barbiana

The altarpiece, which originally depicted the coronation of the Virgin and Saints Andrew and Lawrence, was stolen in 1993. In order to sell the painting more easily and to make it more difficult to recognize, the canvas was cut into many parts. These three fragments were recovered some years later and are displayed in the Vicchio museum.

turibolo

Thurible

Date: 15th century
Technique and Materials: fretworked cast brass
Production: Tuscan workshop
Size: 24 cm.
Provenance: Faltona, Parish Church of Santa Felicita

In the shape of a tempietto, this thurible has a multifoil foot, a hemispherical brazier, and a fretworked cover with triple-arched and geometrical motifs.

Address

Beato Angelico Museum of Sacred Art and Popular Religious Practices
Piazza Don Milani, 7
Vicchio (FI)
Phone: 055 8448251 (Library) / 055 8439225 (Culture Office)
Website

Services

accessible to the differently-abled
bookshop
guided visits
workshops

Opening hours

From June 1st to September 30th: Saturdays 3 p.m.-7 p.m. and Sundays 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and 3 p.m.-7 p.m.;
From October 1st to May 31st: Sundays 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and 3 p.m.-7 p.m.

HOLIDAYS OPENING TIME:
January 1st – Closed
January 6th – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
Easter – Closed
March 28th – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
April 25th- 3 p.m.-7 p.m
May 1st – Closed
June 2nd – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
June 24th – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
15 August – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
December 8th – 3 p.m.-7 p.m
December 25th – Closed
December 26th – 3 p.m.-7 p.m

It is possible to have special openings upon appointment for groups outside of regular hours, upon written request addressed to the Ufficio Cultura which will verify the availability of personnel to open the museum each time.

From 1 October to 31 May: Saturdays and Sundays 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and 3 p.m.-7 p.m.;
From 1 June to 30 September: Thursdays 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and 3 p.m.-7 p.m.

THE MUSEUM IS OPEN FROM 3 P.M. to 7 P.M.:
1 January
6 January
Easter
25 April
1 May
2 June
15 August
1 November
8 December
26 December

It is possible to have special openings upon appointment for groups outside of regular hours, upon written request addressed to the Ufficio Cultura which will verify the availability of personnel to open the museum each time.

Tickets

Combined ticket with the Giotto House Museum Full price €. 4.00
REDUCED €. 3.00

Reductions: children 6-14 / groups of adults (more than 15 people)/ the differently-abled / Vicchio residents / over 65 / SMI coordinated ticketing system / FAI card holders

Free of charge up to 6 years of age / differently-abled escorts / class teachers / accredited journalists / group leaders.

Group workshop €. 5.00 per person
Vicchio Schools workshops €. 2.00 per child.